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Benzoyl peroxide, a synthetic substance discovered in 1856, is mainly used in dermatology for the topical treatment of acne. Its oxidising properties are used in the food industry (bleaching of flour, cheese and oils) and in the plastics industry (initiation of polymerization, hardener). In dermatology, it was originally used (1929) as a healing agent in the treatment of wounds and burns . It was first used for the treatment of acne in 1952 . The marketing of various dosage forms began around 1965 when preparation difficulties related to the chemical instability of the molecule were resolved.
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